Altitude Sickness during Trekking

The altitude sickness is also famously dubbed to be high altitude sickness or an acute mountain sickness. It is the condition when the trekkers reaching at the high altitude especially above 4,000 m, but generally the altitude sickness also causes above 2,400 m undergo with such sickness. The trekkers who have not reached such a height previously experience such a high altitude sickness. At that situation, the trekkers may feel uncomfortable with headaches, nausea, and lethargy. The altitude sickness is caused of low oxygen level at high altitude level especially in the mountain region such as Everest base camp, Annapurna base camp, Langtang base camp to name a few. This occurs, if the trekkers take their pace faster in the high altitude. Thus, those in good physical shape who slow down their pace as they trek above 2,400 m. seem to feel better. There is never any assurance however that anyone will be comfortable at extremely high altitudes. If you are attempting to the high altitude areas, you have to be emotionally prepared to retreat to a lower camp, if your condition is such that continuing might endanger your health.

The symptoms of altitude sickness

The symptoms of altitude sickness range from mild to life-threatening and can affect your nervous system, lungs, muscles, and heart. In most cases, the symptoms are mild. But the symptoms are like difficulty in sleeping, dizziness or light-headedness, fatigue, headache, loss of appetite, nausea, or vomiting, rapid pulse (heart rate), shortness of breath with exertion. The symptoms sometimes are more severe such as bluish discoloration of the skin, chest tightness or congestion, cough, coughing up blood, decreased consciousness, gray or pale complexion, inability to walk in a straight line among others.

The treatment for altitude sickness

The early the sickness is diagnosed, easier it will be in treatment. Because, the altitude sickness is easier to treat, if it is diagnosed early or early stages. The main treatment for such sickness is to retreat to the lower altitude as fast and safely as possible. You better stop climbing, if you develop any of such symptoms. You need extra oxygen, if available. People with severe altitude sickness may need to rush to the the hospital. Because, the complications of altitude sickness lead to coma, fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), swelling of the brain, severe breathing problems, coughing up blood among others.

The prevention for altitude sickness
The main ways to prevent altitude sickness are, climb the mountain gradually, stop for a day or two for acclimatization at every 600 m. above 4000 m, but generally the altitude sickness also causes above 2,400 m, sleep at a lower altitude when possible. You better learn how to recognize early symptoms of altitude sickness, if you are traveling above 3,000 m. carry enough oxygen for several days. While climbing up to the high altitude, drink plenty of fluids, avoid alcohol, eat regular meals, high in carbohydrates and most importantly you should avoid high altitudes if you have heart or lung disease.